高考二轮(通用版)英语复习对点练:高考Ⅰ卷题型重组 第9组 Word版含答案

第九组

(见学用活页P75)

Ⅰ.阅读理解

A

They already guide blind and disabled people;now dogs are to be trained to help people with dementia(痴呆) or Alzheimer's. Alzheimer's can make people confuse night and day or forget basic things such as washing and drinking enough water.

The dogs will be trained to respond to sound triggers(触发器) in the home that make them perform tasks. The duties will include reminding their owners to take medicine, as well as encouraging them to eat, drink and sleep regularly.

The idea was developed by design students at the Glasgow School of Art and will now be put into practice by Alzheime's Scotland and Dogs for the Disabled. The first dogs will be distributed to four Scottish couples, where one of the partners is in the early stages of dementia. 670,000 people in Britain have dementia and one in three over 65 will develop the condition. By 2021 this is expected to rise to one million.

Joyce Gray of Alzheimer's Scotland said, “People in the early stages of dementia are still able to l ive a relatively normal life, and dogs help to maintain routine.” Another advantage of using the pets as companions is that dogs can give them a sense of silent support and companionship. Ms Gray said, “The evidence is that people may forget familiar faces but not pets. It's such a strong bond that people often remember them longest. People don't need to communicate verbally(口头上) but they can still interact. You can have a speechless bond.”

Helen McCain, director of Dogs for the Disabled, said, “People with dementia often forget to take medicine. If a dog presents them with a bag with pills in it there's a greater chance of them taking it. The dog would also encourage the owner to take them out for walks, ensuring they keep exercising and interacting with other people.”

体裁:应用文题材:新闻报道主题:训练狗来帮助残疾人

语篇导读:将狗加以培训以帮助那些盲人及残疾人已成为现实。现在人们正在进行一项新任务,即将狗进行训练用来为患痴呆的人提供帮助。

1.In Britain people with dementia ________.

A.are likely to increase in number

B.are mostly over 65 years old

C.will be trained to respond to sound triggers

D.will be able to live a relatively normal life

【解析】A细节理解题。根据第三段最后一句可知在英国患老年痴呆症的人可能会增多,故答案为A项。

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